Article on 21st Century Skills

21st Century Skills

Foundational Literacies

How students apply core skills to everyday tasks


Literacy

Numeracy

Scientific Literacy

ICT Literacy

Financial Literacy

Character Qualities

How students approach their changing environments


Curiosity

Initiative

Persistence/grit

Adaptability

Leadership

Competencies

How students approach complex challenges


Critical thinking/Problemsolving

Creativity

Communication

Collaboration

Presentation

Hands-on skills

Working Memory(STM)

Processing Speed

There are total 13 Skills which are judged in NSCP under INTELLIFY. The set of skills contains all the skills acknowledged by World Economic Forum(WEF) Under “21st Century Skills” which are the Competencies the learners need to succeed. All of which are listed below:-

Intellify has divided these skills in 2 sets which analysis a students academic and creative skills separately. These 2 sets are named.

National Science Program(NSP):-

National Creativity Program(NCP)

1.What does each skill mean?

Verbal Reasoning :-

Verbal reasoning is the ability to understand and reason using concepts framed in words. It aims at evaluating ability to think constructively, rather than at simple fluency or vocabulary recognition. Verbal reasoning is the ability to understand and logically work through concepts and problems expressed in words.Verbal reasoning tests tell how well a candidate can extract and work with meaning, information and implications from text. It’s all about logic expressed verbally.

Numerical Literacy/Quant:-

Numerical literacy, also known as numeracy and mathematical literacy, is a person’s ability to use and understand mathematics to reason and to apply simple numerical concepts. Basic numeracy skills consist of comprehending fundamental arithmetics like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.. It also includes a person’s ability to use mathematics to reason and solve mathematical problems, basic and complex, in real world situations. When a person is mathematically literate, they are able to not only use mathematics, but they can explain to others how to use mathematics.A mathematically literate person has a wide range of mathematical concepts, knows how to use the concepts, can solve problems using these concepts, can determine which concept to use when solving a problem, and has overall enjoyment about mathematics.

Scientific Literacy:-

Scientific literacy is the ability to understand the characteristics of science and the significance of science in our modern world, to apply scientific knowledge, identify issues, describe scientific phenomena, draw conclusions based on evidence, and the willingness to reflect on and engage with scientific ideas and subjects. One aspect is that students understand the significance of science and technology in their daily lives. They should be able to apply a scientific approach to assessing scientific data and information in order to make evidence-based decisions.

Financial Literacy:-

Financial literacy is the ability to understand and effectively apply various financial skills, including personal financial management, budgeting, and investing, it is the ability to understand how money works: how someone makes, manages and invests it, and also expands it. Financial literacy are the skills that enable informed and effective money management. helps individuals become self-sufficient so that they can achieve financial stability.

Information and Communications technology:-

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) refers to technologies that provide access to information through telecommunications. It is similar to Information Technology (IT), but focuses primarily on communication technologies. This includes the Internet, wireless networks, cell phones, and other communication mediums. all devices, networking components, applications and systems that combined allow people and organizations (i.e., businesses, nonprofit agencies, governments and criminal enterprises) to interact in the digital world.

Information and communications technology (ICT) refers to all the technology used to handle telecommunications, broadcast media, intelligent building management systems, audiovisual processing and transmission systems, and network-based control and monitoring functions.

Critical Thinking/Problem Solving:-

Problem solvingis the act of defining a problem; determining the cause of the problem; identifying, prioritizing, and selecting alternatives for a solution; and implementing a solution. Problem solving consists of using generic or ad hoc methods in an orderly manner to find solutions to problems.It is the ability to think clearly and rationally, understanding the logical connection between ideas.

Critical thinking is the analysis of facts to form a judgment. It refers to the ability to analyze information objectively and make a reasoned judgment. It involves the evaluation of sources, such as data, facts, observable phenomena, and research findings. Good critical thinkers can draw reasonable conclusions from a set of information, and discriminate between useful and less useful details to solve problems or make decisions.

Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally about what to do or what to believe. It includes the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking. critical thinking helps to :

  • understand the logical connections between ideas
  • identify, construct and evaluate arguments
  • detect inconsistencies and common mistakes in reasoning
  • solve problems systematically
  • identify the relevance and importance of ideas
  • reflect on the justification of one's own beliefs and values

Critical thinking is not a matter of accumulating information. A person with a good memory and who knows a lot of facts is not necessarily good at critical thinking. A critical thinker is able to deduce consequences from what he knows, and he knows how to make use of information to solve problems, and to seek relevant sources of information to inform himself.

Creativity:-

Creativity is the act of turning new and imaginative ideas into reality. It is characterised by the ability to perceive the world in new ways, to find hidden patterns, to make connections between seemingly unrelated phenomena, and to generate solutions. Creativity involves two processes: thinking, then producing. Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something new and somehow valuable is formed. the ability to transcend traditional ideas, rules, patterns, relationships, or the like, and to create meaningful new ideas, forms, methods, interpretations, etc.; originality, progressiveness, or imagination.

Presentation:-

Presentation is the ability of a student to present itself and his/her work effectively and Efficiently.

Hands-on skills:-

Hands-on skills means, knowledge or skill that someone gets from doing something rather than just reading about it or seeing it being done by anyone else. NSCP also Judges a Students Hands-On Skills with the Knowledge he/she has.

Spatial:-

Spatial ability is the capacity to understand and remember the spatial relations among objects. This ability can be viewed as a unique type of intelligence distinguishable from other forms of intelligence, where a person demonstrates the capacity to mentally generate, transform, and rotate a visual image and thus understand and recall spatial relationships between real and imagined objects. Spatial ability is not a monolithic and static trait, but made up of numerous subskills, which are interrelated among each other and develop throughout your life. Spatial intelligence, or visuo-spatial ability, has been defined "the ability to generate, retain, retrieve, and transform well-structured visual images" It's what we do when we visualize shapes in our "mind's eye.

Reasoning(all types):-

Reasoning is the action of thinking about something in a logical, sensible way. It’s the Ability to Reason with Complex Problems and find a Conclusive solution.

Working Memory(STM):-

Working Memory(STM) is the ability of mind to retain Information and store it temporarily for current usage or work working memory is also known as STM or Short Term Memory, STM is like ram of a phone/computer which stores the memory of current tasks and the information it needs to access constantly in the moment.

Processing Speed:-

Processing speed is a cognitive ability that could be defined as the time it takes a person to do a mental task. It is related to the speed in which a person can understand and react to the information they receive, whether it be visual (letters and numbers), auditory (language), or movement. In other words, processing speed is the time between receiving and responding to a stimulus. It refers to the pace at which you are able to perceive information (visual or auditory), make sense of that information, and then respond. In a manner of speaking, processing speed is simply the amount of time it takes to get something done. When a student has slow processing speed, certain academic tasks can take them longer than the average student. According to the co-authors of Bright Kids Who Can't Keep Up, “processing speed does interact with other areas of cognitive functioning by negatively impacting the ability to quickly come up with an answer, retrieve information from long-term memory, and remember what you're supposed to be doing at a given time" (Braaten and Willoughby, 2014, p.4).
There are three main components when considering processing abilities:

  • visual processing: how quickly a student’s eyes perceive information and relay it to the brain (such as reading directions or noticing a teacher’s hand gestures)
  • verbal processing: how quickly a student hears a stimulus and reacts to it (such as following oral instructions or participating in a discussion)
  • motor speed: how strong a student’s fine motor agility is, leading to academic fluency (such as filling out timed math worksheets).

2.Why is it relevant?

Today the need of the time is to be versatile and know the true potential of each skill to creatively use it in the current scenario, because at the end of the day It's not just about performing well in the academics and academia but also to getting the job done efficiently will decide if the workforce is capable enough or not.

As soon as the education comes to cope with the present technology the present technology becomes the past and the race keeps on going so basically there is no way to predict the future as its not what it’s used to be.

We have to admit the pace of the growth In lducation is Looking fixed but the technology is looking to be growing at an exponential speed.

The quality of education and standards of academic institutions have become so varied that it has become nery difficult for a graduate work in a foreign country.

The race to secure marks and prove to be quantitatively better(having good marks) is leading to a pressure of gaining more knowledge, which is leading to a loss of interest in students regarding learning.

A decade before there were 2 divisions which used to exist, the opportunities for them were defined and they used to work in alliance and harmony, but today as the need of time has been changed new Versatilists have emerged who have general skills and the special skills which can be creatively used in different work scenarios per need.

3. Which careers will that particular skill be needed mostly in?

Linguistics, Litterature, Writer, Composer, Lawyer

Accountant, Engineering, Mathematician, any Theoretical or Applied Scientist

Researcher, Scientist

Accountant, Investment Banker,

Software Engineer, All the Technical Fields related to Technology

Lawyer, Officer, Civil Servant

Writer, Teacher, Researcher, Software Engineer, all the Artistic Professions

All the Designing Fields

Engineering

Surgeon, Engineer, Pilot, Artist

Lawyer, Programmer

4. How do we assess these skills?

We have designed a database of ample questions skillswise within categories of Hard/Moderate/Easy. To judge all the skills of a student and a section of CAQs designed to get a deeper understanding of the students character, the responses will be automatically judged and the pre-assigned points with traits will be added to the profile of the student with his score.